Scratch Cards – Lottery Games

Lottery games and gambling have been a part of the society since the time of its creation. The excitement and exhilaration of participation in one is not available in any other kind of recreation except in adventure sports. The adrenalin pumps through the body when the game is won. There is no other feeling to match this. This excitement is what has made cards so popular in lotteries. The result is immediate and in seconds. They have become a global accepted as the way to play lottery games. The logic behind cards is simple. The rules for the games and scratching are simple. Indian matka

Online casinos and websites dedicated to scratch cards have come up. They have a wealth of information about scratch cards and also games, which can be played by purchasing these cards. Some games are in the classic format that anyone can play. The change of an immediate win is an irresistible attraction. In these games, a certain combination of numbers or symbols has to be found to win. The game is immensely addictive.

Other cards are the traditional classic gambling games. One such game is bingo and is a game that is played online very successfully using these cards. A wheel is turned to free the balls. Numbers inscribed on a table, pop up. The player scratches the card and if he gets the number on his card 5 times, then he wins. It is an interesting game with lots of fun. Then there are casino games like roulette, slots and blackjack. These are the more traditional games. The rules of the game are different from the real casinos and thus, anyone, even if unaware of the rules, can play.

There is no limit to the number of times one can play with online cards. It just needs for more cards to be bought and the game resumes.

쇼핑몰을 사용하여 창의력을 키울 수 있습니다

구름 한 점 없는 시카고 교외의 어느 여름날, 한 여성이 두 아이를 차에 태운 채 쇼핑몰로 향했습니다. 그곳에서 그녀는 아이들과 함께 쇼핑몰에 온 가장 친한 여자 친구 중 한 명을 만났습니다.

 

두 명의 엄마와 네 명의 아이로 구성된 그룹은 하루 종일 쇼핑몰에서 보내고 카페테리아에서 점심을 먹고 여유롭게 산책하고 쇼핑하고 사람들을 구경했습니다. 딸들이 저녁 식사를 준비하기 위해 각자의 집으로 차를 몰기 전에 부속 극장에서 오후 영화를 보고 아이스크림 가게에서 맥아 밀크 쉐이크가 쇼핑몰 여행을 마쳤습니다.

 

이 두 여성은 쇼핑몰을 절대적으로 사랑했습니다. 그들의 마음에 그곳은 지구상에서 가장 위대한 장소 중 하나였습니다. 결국 이 쇼핑몰은 최신 유명 소매점, 최첨단 영화관, 무료 주차 공간으로 가득 차 있어 흥미진진했습니다. 더군다나 기후가 조절되는 실내 환경 덕분에 시카고의 극한 날씨에 노출되지 않고도 하루 종일 쇼핑과 엔터테인먼트를 즐길 수 있었습니다. 의심의 여지가 없습니다. 쇼핑몰은 보고 볼 수 있는 곳이었습니다.

 

그때가 1968년이었습니다. 미국에서 폐쇄형 지역 쇼핑몰의 전성기였습니다.

 

2011년에 이 이야기가 어떻게 읽혔을지는 다음과 같습니다.

 

교육을 잘 받은 워킹맘은 점심 시간에 몇 시간 동안 사무실에서 나와 오랫동안 미뤄두었던 심부름을 할 수 있습니다. 학교에 다니는 아이들과 함께 실제로 일을 끝낼 수 있는 기회입니다. 저녁과 주말에는 종종 가족이 주말을 시외 토너먼트에서 보내야 하는 댄스 레슨, 축구 연습 및 셀렉트 리그 야구 경기로 가득 차 있기 때문에 매우 중요합니다.

 

그녀의 과제는 하루 종일 심부름을 2시간에 맞추는 것입니다. 그녀는 미니밴을 타고 고속도로를 따라 위치한 동력 센터로 갑니다. 그곳에서 그녀는 대부분 중국에서 제조된 부패하지 않는 소모품을 구입하기 위해 월마트 슈퍼 센터에 들르기 전에 콜의 백화점에서 우편으로 받은 30% 할인 할인 카드를 활용합니다. 그녀는 그녀의 친절한 대형 식료품점의 고객 서비스 카운터에서 소포 우편물을 처리하고 드라이클리닝을 맡깁니다.

 

다음으로 그녀는 라이프스타일 센터, 조경이 잘 된 야외 쇼핑몰, 고급 전국 체인 소매점, 멋지지만 가짜처럼 보이는 외관으로 빠르게 이동합니다. 그곳에서 그녀는 고급 화장품(동물 실험을 한 번도 하지 않은 천연 제품)과 다가오는 주말의 공식 만찬을 위한 드레스를 구입합니다. 미니밴에 타기 전에 그녀는 더블 라떼를 마십니다. 이는 너무 빨리 많은 일을 끝낸 것에 대한 작은 보상입니다. 그녀는 방과후 프로그램에서 아이들을 데리러 가기 전에 사무실로 돌아가 일에 집중해야 합니다.

 

참으로 시대가 변했습니다.

 

소매 고객의 삶이 진화함에 따라 소매업체와 쇼핑몰 소유자는 이를 따라잡기 위해 변화해야 했습니다. 오늘날의 쇼핑객은 하루 종일 쇼핑몰에서 보낼 시간이 없습니다. 속도와 편의성이 매우 중요합니다. 쇼핑객은 여전히 ​​사치품과 엔터테인먼트를 원하지만 쉽게 접근할 수 있고 집이나 사무실과 가까운 곳에 위치해야 합니다.

 

결과적으로, 우리는 이제 1968년에 빛나고 영광스러웠던 많은 오래된 쇼핑몰이 철거되고 대형 소매점, 야외 라이프스타일 센터 및 복합 용도의 “걸을 수 있는” 마을로 대체되는 것을 봅니다.

 

완벽한 예는 일리노이주 프로스펙트의 시카고 교외에 1962년에 지어진 Randhurst Mall입니다. Midwest Real Estate News에 따르면 한때 인기가 많았던 Randhurst는 현재 황폐하여 직원들이 복합 단지를 만들기 위해 대부분을 철거하고 있습니다. 사무실, 호텔, 엔터테인먼트 사업체뿐만 아니라 업데이트된 소매업체가 들어설 사용 센터입니다.

 

소매상과 소매상 집주인은 추세를 따라가지 않으면 죽습니다.

 

글쎄요, 소매상들은 확실히 혼자가 아닙니다.  레플리카 사이트 그렇지 않나요? 비즈니스도 적응해야 합니다.

 

사람으로서 당신은 본질적으로 비즈니스라는 것을 명심하십시오. 당신은 하나의 비즈니스, 자신에 대한 비즈니스입니다. 많은 면에서 (하나의 비즈니스로서) 소매업체와 공통점이 많습니다. 소매업체와 마찬가지로 귀하는 제품(자신)을 판매하고 있습니다. 소매업체와 마찬가지로 귀하는 제품을 고객에게 매우 편리하게 만드는 동시에 가장 바람직한 방식으로 제품을 묘사하기를 원합니다. 소매업체와 마찬가지로 대중의 변화하는 요구와 선호도에 적응해야 합니다.

신용카드 현금 스맥다운!

즉시 현금이 필요하고 다음 급여를 받을 때까지 기다릴 수 없는 경우가 많이 있습니다. 예를 들어 예상치 못한 수리 비용을 지불해야 하는 경우, 친구나 가족에게 비용을 지불해야 하는 경우, 청구서를 지불해야 하는 경우 등이 있습니다. 대부분의 경우 신용 카드는 다양한 지불에 대해 거의 모든 곳에서 사용할 수 있으므로 충전 카드를 사용하는 것이 편리할 수 있습니다. 그러나 신용 카드를 사용하여 지불할 수 없는 경우가 있지만 신용 회사에서 제공하는 현금 서비스 옵션을 사용하면 필요한 현금을 즉시 얻을 수 있습니다. 신용카드 현금화

 

모든 신용 카드 회사가 현금 서비스 옵션을 제공하는 것은 아닙니다. 그렇게 하는 경우 구매에 대한 일반적인 충전 카드 사용을 규제하는 규칙과 다른 특정 규칙이 적용될 수 있습니다. 많은 회사에서 시행하는 다양한 규칙 중 하나는 선지급된 현금 금액에 적용되는 다른 이자율이 있다는 것입니다. 이 요율은 신용 카드로 구매하는 요율보다 훨씬 높을 수 있습니다. 이 때문에 현금 서비스는 필요할 수 있는 드문 경우로 제한하는 것이 좋습니다.

 

현금 서비스는 몇 가지 방법으로 사용할 수 있습니다. 일부 신용 카드 회사는 지불 또는 구매에 사용할 수 있는 제한된 수의 수표를 발행합니다. 이 수표는 수표에 지정된 금액만큼 특정 수취인에게 지급된다는 점에서 은행 계좌에 사용되는 수표와 거의 동일한 방식으로 작동합니다. 그러면 수취인은 평소와 같이 다른 수표와 마찬가지로 수표를 현금화할 수 있습니다. 이러한 수표에 사용할 수 있는 최대 금액은 제한되어 있으며 일반적으로 수표에 명확하게 표시되어 있습니다.

 

다른 방법은 ATM 기계에서 신용 카드를 사용하는 것입니다. 이 방법은 충전 카드 회사에서 발급한 PIN 번호가 필요하며 은행 ATM 카드와 유사하게 작동합니다. 카드 소지자는 일반적으로 카드 뒷면에 있고 ATM에 명확하게 게시된 특정 카드 발급사의 로고가 있는 특정 ATM 기계로 제한될 수 있습니다. 이러한 특정 ATM 기계를 사용하지 않으면 현금 서비스가 거부되거나 카드가 전혀 승인되지 않을 수 있습니다. 카드 소지자는 카드 발급사가 허용하는 최대 금액까지 대출할 수 있습니다.

 

충전 카드는 카드가 허용되는 모든 곳에서 결제 및 구매의 편의를 제공합니다. 드물게 신용카드로 결제나 구매가 불가능한 경우에는 신용카드 회사에서 제공하는 현금 서비스를 이용하는 것이 편리한 대안입니다. 현금 서비스 옵션을 사용하면 추가 책임이 따르며 현금 서비스를 받기 전에 신중하게 고려해야 합니다. 또한 현금 서비스 및 신용 카드를 소득을 보충하는 방법으로 사용하는 것은 사람이 더 깊은 부채에 빠지게 할 수 있으므로 매우 권장하지 않습니다.

9 Reasons to Hire an Office Cleaning Company

Did you know that every year there are thousands of man hours lost in offices all around the globe, simply because the office is not clean? It might sound crazy, but the office environment is not as clean as one might want to believe. Yes, the floor may have been vacuumed or swept, and the trash has been taken out but this does not necessarily equate the perfectly healthy clean office. In fact, many people (71% according to a study by the University of Arizona) believe that their less than stellar work environment has led to a past illness or virus. 오피

This is a problem that goes beyond the germs spread in an office scenario, but is due to many offices not being serious about true, deep cleaning such as that done by an office cleaning company. In fact, another study by Durable of the United Kingdom, revealed that 82% of office workers believe they would healthier and would be able to work harder in a cleaner environment. And the reality is, there is a fair bit of science to back up this thought. Consider these stats regarding the state of the office.

· There is typically 445 times more bacteria on your desk than on a toilet seat

· Properly disinfecting your desk can remove 99.9% of germs

· 60% of office illnesses are caused by dirty office surfaces

· The average office worker’s desk has about 10 million bacteria.

· 62% of Americans eat lunch at their desks, but only 20% of the people who eat at their desk clean their workspace before eating at it. There are over 20,000 germs per square inch that live on your keyboard, computer mouse, and office chair.

· Diseases can be transferred through a variety of items. 25% of water cooler buttons are considered a serious risk for transmission of various diseases.

· Office phones have approximately 25,000 germs per square inch.

Sarasota Shopping Districts

Sarasota is a beautiful small city on the Gulf Coast of Florida that feels like a small town. Each Sarasota shopping district is walkable, and most are within 10 minutes of each other. Sort of like lily pads on a pond, each with its own characteristic atmosphere and charm. While there are local shopping malls, it’s much more interesting to search out the unique shops & restaurants that make you feel you’re in a special place. Sarasota’s shopping districts include Downtown Sarasota, Burns Square, Southside Village, Southgate Shops, Gulf Gate, St Armands Circle, and Siesta Key Village.

 

  • The Downtown Sarasota shopping district encompasses Main Street, Lemon Avenue, Pineapple Avenue, First Street, and State Street. Whole Foods Market Centre anchors the First Street and Lemon Avenue area. Also on First Street, you’ll find Envie, a fabuloso sort of home decor and gift shop, Petropolis pet boutique, T. Georgianos Shoe Salon, Write-On Sarasota, and Jane Boutique. Lemon Avenue is the site of the very popular Downtown Sarasota Farmers Market, which extends from First Street to State Street every Saturday from 7AM to 12Noon year-round. It’s full of produce, flowers, plants, ready-to-eat foods, arts and crafts, music, and all kinds of dogs leading their owners from booth to booth. At the corner of Lemon Avenue and Main Street, Mattison’s City Grille is an outdoor, covered restaurant with top-quality live entertainment most nights. Main Street is a multi-block stretch of local shops and restaurants that offer foods of every international flavor, including Asian, Greek, French, Mexican, Spanish, Italian, and American standards, among other tempting cuisines. During Season, Main Street, Pineapple Avenue’s Five Points Park, and Lemon Avenue are the site of numerous arts and craft fairs and holiday street festivals. Palm Avenue features many art galleries, which participate in the First Friday Art Walks each month during Season. It’s easy to miss State Street, which is tucked just south of Main Street. At State of the Arts Gallery, you’ll see world-class art by local artists, most of whom are entirely self-supporting through their art. Also on State Street is European Focus, a charming shop with gifts from various European countries, and owners who lead custom small tours of cities in Europe during the summer.
  • Burns Square is a small historic Sarasota shopping district and dining neighborhood two blocks south of Main Street, on Pineapple Avenue and Orange Avenue. A destination for art-film afficionados due to the Burns Court Cinema one block west of Pineapple, Burns Square will surprise you with excellent quality fashion (L Boutique, L’Atelier, Paris Couture), home furnishings (Malika, Sarasota Trading Company, Jack Vinale 20th Century Classics), contemporary craft (Parkland Art Gallery), and orchids (Awesome Orchids), for example.
  • Southside Village radiates out from the intersection of Osprey Avenue and Hillview Street, about one mile south of downtown Sarasota. There are restaurant hot-spots such as Libby’s, Sam Snead’s, Gateway to India, Chutney’s, and Pacific Rim. Morton’s Market is a gourmet market that displays a wide range of foods, including fresh produce, deli, home-cooking-style hot meals, meats, condiments, and baked goods. At night, the 5 O’Clock Club and New York New York fill the neighborhood with patrons ready for dancing and listening to music. 레플리카사이트
  • Southgate Shops, on Siesta Drive east of Tamiami Trail, offers local Sarasota shopping on the north side of Siesta Drive, including Kazu Japanese food, Fuel motorcycle café, Deli Lane gourmet deli restaurant, Bloom Organics, a yarn shop, and a compounding pharmacy, among other retailers. On the south side of Siesta Drive is Westfield Shoppingtown – Southgate Mall, Sarasota’s upscale mall, with anchors Saks Fifth Avenue, Talbot’s, and Macy’s.
  • Gulf Gate is an old neighborhood of mostly one-story buildings with international restaurants, bars and shops. On Gateway Avenue, The Irish Rover presents live music 6 nights a week, along with hearty comfort food. On Superior Avenue, Zest Café feels like a cozy European hideaway, with healthy, creative and delicious home-cooked food. On Gulf Gate Drive, Veg restaurant presents a menu of vegetarian dishes and friendly service.
  • St Armands Circle is located on Lido Key, just across the John Ringling Bridge from downtown Sarasota. At its center is a small park, with shopping and dining streets radiating out in all directions. There are many popular restaurants on St Arrmands, including The Columbia, Cha Cha Coconuts, L’Europa, The Crab & Finn, and Settimi gelato and pizz. Shops include typical mall shops like Chico’s, along with some local unique retailers. Off one of the spokes of the Circle is Lido Beach, where you can walk right out to the Guld and watch the beautiful surf and sunsets. During Season, there are art shows and jazz concerts on the Circle.
  • Siesta Key Village is lined with funky beach bars, restaurants, and cafes, such as S.K.O.B. (Siesta Key Oyster Bar), Gilligan’s, Baja Hub, The Beach Club, Blu Smoke, Blasé Café, Sun Garden Café, JoTo Japanese food, and numerous others. Many of them draw you closer with musicians playing live music on their decks and in their outdoor eating areas. There are also ice cream shops, of course, such as Big Olaf. For gifts, stop in at Bliss. The Beach Bazaar is an emporium of clothing, bathing suits, flip flops, kitchy gifts, hats, and other fun stuff for vacationers. Fun during the day, Siesta Village continues into the night with live music at many of its venues.

Do You Know How the Android App Benefits Your Business to Grow Globally?

Android Apps are Increasingly Being Used by Popular Business Setups

Before we venture into the topic of how the Android app is helping shape up modern business, consider an essential fact that almost every service related aspect is followed up by apps. The expansion and extent of the internet have opened up previously unexplored territories of a customer base. When you want your visitors to get in touch with you, the first thing that you should remember is – the requirement of the customers. After you know the requirement, you can design the app as per the need. Most of the developers try to design the app that is easy to use.

The Modern Day Essentiality:

Business these days just cannot function by turning a blind eye to the fact mobile apps based on the much-celebrated Android platform can, in turn, bring customers numbering in thousands if properly targeted. It is not uncommon to take notice of advertisements by various companies that are looking forward to hiring Android application developers. The developers work dedicatedly to bring out the best services to the customers, even at an affordable rate.

This demand is the direct outcome of the rising market for android app developments.

Understanding the Platform: WhatsApp plus

In the context of this piece, it would be feasible to discuss a bit on the platform of Android on which the Android apps are based on. The mobile operating system from the stables of the world renowned Google company is commonly found in almost every handheld Smartphone or tablet PCs. The majority of the apps built on the Android platform by companies who hire Android programmers are all very suited to various operation types.

A normal app can provide functionalities like searching various information and directions based on the web, watching videos, social media interactions, emails and more.

The Beneficial Application:

Business thrives on customer relationship. The Android platform based apps from leading companies specialized in Android app development services help set up the much essential direct communication between businesses and customers which in turn gives way to the building of trust. Every step in the building of customer relationship from the setting up of various social media accounts to regular feeds is possible for companies through the app application.

The free and open platform is already showing up as a positive leap for businesses and with the.

How To Build Your Business With The Best Digital Marketing Agencies

Digital Marketing is something that’s becoming increasingly necessary as the years go by. The method of marketing has far reaches and you could reach your target market a lot faster with the help of a professional digital marketing agency. Sure, there are apps that you could use but none of those apps will provide you with the precision and quality of work that is achieved by hiring a professional, digital marketing service. Digital Marketing is about achieving things quickly, in a fast paced environment. There are many digital marketing companies that could help you. Here are a few tips to consider, before hiring professional help.

Do Lots of Research

Familiarize yourself with the topic. There are many aspects that are related to digital marketing. You should start by doing an in-depth research on these aspects to know exactly what it is that the digital marketing agency is doing for your company.

Choose the Best Agency

As marketing is a growing field, it is filled with many companies that are devoted to digital marketing. To be honest, a lot of them are less than adequate. Some of these companies are not cost effective. They cost a lot but their services are unsatisfactory. Always look for an experienced company when hiring. An experienced company is a company with expertise in the field.

Research Marketing Methods 구글상위노출

Hire a marketing company that keeps updated with the changes in the market’s conditions. A professional company will want to better their services by being updated. They would use the latest tools and methods to research and formulate strategies.

For No Surprises, Get a Quote

Before hiring any digital marketing company, it is wise to request a quotation. In fact, ask for quotations from more than one agency. Ask for full disclosure about their services so there aren’t any hidden details or surprises that could later come up.Compare the services provided vs. the cost for each company. This way, you can now make an informed enough choice.

Why Hire a Marketing Company at All?

Identify Your Target Audience and Reach them With Ease

A professional agency has tools to reach your target audience faster. They know what they’re doing and therefore have the best approaches to it than you do. They are specialists in this type of work so they can handle pressure and should a problem arise, chances are they’ve seen it before and would, therefore, know how to handle it. Hiring a professional company will also improve your search ranks and increase your visibility online.

Betting on Horses Made Simple

There was a time when horse racing was among the most popular sports in America. People would stop what they were doing to listen to races on the radio, and some thoroughbreds were as popular as today’s NBA or NFL superstars.

The explosion of modern sports and entertainment options have diminished the popularity of a day at the track, but there is still little as thrilling as watching your horse cross the finish line, your arms raised high with winning betting slips clutched in your fists. Indeed, there is little to compare to an afternoon at the track, watching spectacular athletes compete.

If you ever seen a race at a track, or even on television, the system of odds and betting can seem intimidating, and even a little confusing. But it doesn’t have to be. With just a couple of basics, you can understand the odds and place bets just like a pro.

Bets at tracks these days are either taken by clerks at betting windows or entered electronically at machines. The true race aficionado still loves to interact with the clerks at the windows, who can often be characters and enhance the race-day experience, but the terminology is the same for both.

First, horses are identified by number in the track program for the day or the Daily Racing Form, both of which can be purchased at the track. Both the program and the Racing Form contain data on each race, like the length, purse and types of horses that are running, plus how each horse has performed in previous races. (The Racing Form contains much more information, but you can save that for later.) The numbers correspond to the order that the horses are placed in the starting gate, and you use the individual numbers to identify the horses you want to wager on. 인스타 팔로워 늘리기

Second, you have to decide on the amount of your bet. The minimum is generally $2 for each wager. The more you bet, obviously, the more you can win. But beginners should probably bet small until they are truly comfortable with the system.

Third, there is the type of bet. This is where it can get confusing for the beginner because there are many exotic variations. But the basics are pretty easy. Horses pay off bettors if they finish first, second or third, also known as Win, Place and Show. A horse that wins also pays off bettors who wager it to come in second or third, albeit at lower amounts. Likewise, a horse that comes in second also pays off bettors who wagered that it would come in third. So the easiest three bets are Win, Place or Show. Put simply, these are bets on a horse to finish first, second or third.

To put it all together, say you wanted to bet on a horse listed as No. 4 in the program to come in first, and you wanted to wager the minimum. The order of the bet goes as follows: amount of wager, type of bet and finally, the horse. So you would tell the clerk you wanted to bet “$2 on No. 4 to win.”

 

 

How to Get Useful Backlinks

To get your website visible on the Internet, you need to get useful backlinks. The number and quality of backlinks is one of the most important criteria that search engines use to rate the relevancy of a website. If you want to get and keep your website ranked highly in the search engine results, you must have high quality backlinks. Unlike the structure and content of your website, though, backlinks are not entirely within your control; backlinks come from other people’s sites, after all. But there are still ways you can get useful backlinks.

Wait for people to link to you

Before there were search engines, backlinks were the way to navigate around the Internet. Even today, backlinks are an indication the importance of a website within a field. The number and types of backlinks are of interest to people because they show how others regard a website.

Search engines use backlinks as a measure of a web page’s relevancy because if a page is useful and credible, people will naturally want to link to it (or so the thinking goes). But this is often not adequate. If your website content is high quality you should get a lot of backlinks, especially from other sites in the same field as yours, which are the most useful kind of backlinks. But it takes time for people to find and link to you site. Also, the number of links you probably get this way are not enough to raise your site in the search results. So you have to help it along.

Build your own backlinks

Another, faster way to get backlinks is to post content online with links to your website. Article directories, blogs, forums, message boards, and social bookmarking sites are good places to post content. By contributing to these sites, you are helping them by providing useful information, and in turn they help you by providing ways for you to get useful backlinks. 백링크

Generally search engines index forums so posting in forums and message boards is a relatively easy way to get backlinks, especially if the forum is respected in the field. However, you have to abide by the forum’s rules, and the forum administrator is free to edit or even exclude your post. Also, sometimes links are restricted in posts. Submitting content to respected online article directories takes longer to do, but is worth it as an additional way to get quality backlinks.

Online directories such as DMOZ and Yahoo also provide a way to get additional quality backlinks, and also to get attention to your website from both search engines and visitors. Getting listed in these directories is free, but can take several weeks to a couple of months.

Content exchange and affiliate programs offer another avenue. For instance, you can offer RSS feeds to sites for free. Through other sites’ RSS feeds, you get backlinks to your site, and can attract a lot of visitors with a well-thought-out headline and abstract.

Employment Law – Important Developments in a Changing Economy

In the current economic climate, continued employment and employment relationships are more critical than ever. Loyal and productive employees will provide an employer its best chance to emerge unscathed at the end of this lengthy recession. During these uncertain times, economic pressures may require an employer reorganize or restructure its workforce. Doing so properly, and in accordance with the law, will ensure continued survival of your business, your profitability and your reputation.

The laws regarding employment standards have changed little in recent years. Still, you must know them when considering leave, layoffs and terminations.

What’s Old?

The Employment Standards Act is the corner-stone of most Canadian employment relationships, although in recent years, the common law is being applied much more often in the determination of reasonable notice for termination.

The purposes of the Act are to ensure basic compensation and conditions for employees and to ensure fair treatment. The Act applies to all employees other than those excluded by regulation (such as certain professionals, enumerated jobs and where collective agreements speak to certain rights). The minimum requirements of the Act cannot be waived (except regarding hours of work and overtime for managers and certain employees).

Amongst many other rights and protections, the Act provides for overtime pay, statutory holiday, vacation leave and various other leaves of absence from employment and for penalties for breaches of these and other rights. Employment

Most importantly, and subject to exceptions set out in the law, the Act provides at sections 63 and 64 for the liabilities of employers to provide notice or pay in lieu of notice. After three months of employment, an employee who is terminated is owed one weeks’ wages on termination. After 12 months of service the entitlement rises to two weeks wages. Finally, after three years of service to three weeks’ wages and an additional weeks pay for each year of service thereafter to a maximum of eight weeks’ wages on termination. In addition, where more than 50 employees are to be terminated in any two month period, certain modified rights to special notice arise and rise further if more than 100 employees are to be affected and further still if more than 300 employees are impacted.

The Director appointed under the Employment Standards Act, and the Employment Standards Tribunal are charged with enforcement and remedies under the Act. The Director has full investigatory and prosecutorial powers to ensure compliance and to enforce stiff penalties.

However, there are limits to their powers which are important to know in order to protect your company from wrongful intrusion by Provincial officers.